The Ryōi Shintōkai
The Ryōi Shintōkai (良移心当会) is an organisation dedicated to the preservation and teaching of traditional Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu 良移心当流 柔術 (also known as Fukuno-ryū Jūhō 福野流柔法, Shintō Yawara 神当和, Ryōi Shintō-ryū Yawara 良移心當流和 / 良移心頭流和, or Kasahara-ryū Jūjutsu 笠原流柔術).
Ryōi Shintō-ryū techniques
As a traditional, or Koryū (古流) Jūjutsu style Ryōi Shintō-ryū techniques are practiced in Tachi-shō (立相 )- (standing phase) and Iai (居相) – (seated).
The techniques are categorised as follows :
Kakutō (格闘) Combat
- Ate waza (当技) – Striking
Using the body as a point of impact against an opponent. Selecting the target for its vulnerability and the weapon for its durability.
- Nage waza (投技) – Throwing
Using other than the body as a point of impact against an opponent, relying primarily on techniques of projection.
Kōsoku (拘束) Restraint
- Gyaku waza (逆技) – Locking
Restraining an attacker through the application of over-extension and, or torsion to one, or more joints of the body.
- Shime waza (絞技) – Constriction (incl. Osae waza 押技- pinning)
Restraining an opponent through the application of direct, or indirect pressure. Indirect pressure involves methods of encirclement and direct pressure involves methods of pinning.
Note: – In the ‘Shūkaroku/Tōkaroku’ (拾華録) it states that: “The Ryōi Shintō ryū makes use of Kumiuchi (組討 – grappling), Atemi (当身 – striking) and Tantō (短刀 – short blade) techniques”
Buki (武器) – Weapons
– Oshimatsu (1983) in ‘Nihon no Budō Jūjutsu Jūnō Seigō no Dō’ (日本の武道 柔術 柔能制剛の道 – ) describes the Ryōi Shintō ryū is a being: “a comprehensive martial art of achieving success” (‘Ryōi shintō ryū wa sōgō bujutsu no ketsujitsu’ 良移心当流は総合武術の結実).
The Meaning of Ryōi Shintō-ryū
The ‘Ryōi Shintō-ryū Denju Mokuroko’ (良移心当流 伝授 目録) explains the meaning of Ryōi Shintō as follows: “The meaning of Ryōi Shintō-ryū is to shift (i 移) your heart (shin 心) well (ryō 良), then you will encounter (tō 当) harmony (wa 和, or yawara, an alternative tern for jujutsu).” Alternatively, the ‘Ryōi Shintō-ryū Ryakushi’ (良移心当流略史 -A brief history of Ryōi Shintō-ryū) records Fukuno as saying that: “Ryōi Shintō means to: skilfully apply the mind (shin 心) and strike (tō 当) with ease”.
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Syllabus
The syllabus of the Ryōi Shintō-ryū is divided into foundation techniques (Kihon) and five levels of transmission (Mokuroku):
Kihon waza 基本技 (foundation techniques)
Mokuroku 目録 (technique catalogues)
- Sho mokuroku 初目録
- Kō mokuroku 後目録
- Menkyo Kaiden 免 許 皆 伝
- Kumiuchi gokami mokuroku 組討後上目録 (incl. (Kenpō 拳法) Sappō no Den 殺法之伝 & Katsu-hō Shinden 活法心伝)
- Gokui Hiden 極意秘伝
Ryōi Shintō-ryū history
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu 良移心当流 柔術 was amongst the strongest and most influential Jūjutsu styles of the ‘Edo period’ (1603 – 1868)
Its founder Fukuno Shichirouemon Masakatsu (福野七郎右衛門正勝) was born (approx.) 1585 in Settsu, Naniwa (the modern-day area of Osaka, Japan) and was renowned for his martial prowess. He studied the Yagyū Shinkage-ryū (柳生新陰流) Kenjutsu (剣術) under Yagyū Sekishūsai Taira-no-Munetoshi (柳生石舟斎平宗厳 ). Fukuno was a ‘Meishu’ (名手 – master) of Sumo (相撲) and a ‘Tatsujin’ (達人 – master expert) of the Yagyū Shinkage-ryū. Between 1626 – 1627, he also studied (Aiki 合氣) ‘Torite no jutsu’ (捕手の術 – hand taking) & ‘Kenpō’ (拳法 – fist striking method) from Southern Shaolin Monastery or ‘Nan-Shaolin’ (南少林) Chinese monk Chin Genpin (陳元贇).
The ‘Jujutsu Hottan – Fukuno Shichirouemon den” describes Fukuno as:
“…. (Fukuno) was an intrepid character, with great strength, he lifted mighty bronze pots. …… He fights with great strength and battles with great valour. With his technique, he defeats an opponent in barely a minute, or two.”
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsuka Nakamura Hansuke & the Meiji period contests.
In the ‘Meiji period’ (1868-1912), Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsuka – Nakamura Hansuke (中村 半助) was considered to be the toughest martial artist in Japan. In 1886, he fought a match against the famed Kōdōkan Jūdō (講道館 柔道) champion Yokoyama Sakujirō (横山 作次郎), known as ‘Demon’ Yokoyama (鬼横山). Both men fought for 55 minutes, but as neither could prevail the match was drawn. Nakamura was declared champion of East of Japan and Yokoyama champion of the West.
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu in the United Kingdom
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu 良移心当流 柔術 was introduced in to the UK in 1924, by Takeda Tatsu Sensei (武田 辰 先生), who taught a number of students, including Peter Shortt Sensei, (father of James Shortt). Peter Shortt began James Shortt’s training.
Takeda Sensei was followed in 1957 by another Ryōi Shintō-ryū teacher Komito Kaizō Sensei (小見戸戒三 先生), who continued James Shortt’s training in the Ryōi Shintō-ryū and eventually awarded him ‘Menkyo Kaiden‘ 免許皆伝 (full teaching licence).
Peter King began training in Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu in 1976 and was awarded ‘Menkyo Kaiden’ 免許皆伝 by Shortt Sensei in 1997.
Peter was recently appointed to the Traditional Jujutsu Committee of the United States Jujitsu Federation.
Peter was also recently honoured by the award of Kudan (9th dan 九段) rank and Hanshi (範士) title in ‘Nihon Jūjutsu’ (日本柔術) and Hachidan (8th dan 八段)
and Kyōshi (教士) in ‘Kobujutsu’ (古武術 – old martial arts / weapons) from the ‘Zen Nihon Sōgō Budō Renmei’ (全日本総合武道 連盟 – All Japan Budō Federation ), Kyōto, Japan.
Ryōi Shintōkai Kaichō (良移心当会 会長) & ‘Shuhan (主範 ) roles.
On 27th January 2019 at a meeting held at the Royal Society of Medicine in Central London, Peter King was appointed as the new Kaichō (会長 Chairman) of the Ryōi Shintōkai (良移心当会) and Shortt Sensei assumes the senior role of ‘Shuhan’ (主範 ‘Principle Example’) of the organisation.
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Kenkyukai (Ryōi Shintō-ryū Research Society – 良移心当流 研究会)
The Ryōi Shintō-ryū Kenkyukai (Ryōi Shintō-ryū Research Society – 良移心当流 研究会) has been set up under the auspices of the Ryōi Shintōkai to promote study and research into Ryōi Shintō-ryū arts and to support ‘Study Groups’ who may wish to support to study and practice of Ryōi Shintō-ryū.
Ryōi Shintō-ryū demonstration for Japanese Crown Prince
In 1985, James Shortt and Peter King had the honour of demonstrating Jūjutsu 柔術 for Japanese Crown Prince Naruhito 皇太子徳仁親王 at the Anjinkai Festival in London. (Note: Prince Naruhito will succeed his father as Emperor in April 2019)
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Taikai in Japan
The 2009 Ryōi Shintō-ryū Taikai (良移心当流 大会) was held at ‘The Budōkan’ (武道館), Sanbu City, Chiba-ken, Japan. This event was taught by James Shortt Sensei and was attended by participants from Japan, Europe and Australia.
During this Taikai; Simon Bell (UK), Osanai Hideto (Japan), & Aleksis Konoshonoks (Latvia) received Menkyo Kaiden (免許 皆伝).
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu in contemporary Japan
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Menkyo Kaiden (良移心当流 免許 皆伝) Osanai Hideto (小山内 秀友) resides in Tōkyō.
However, as with many Koryū Jūjutsu styles, the main Sōke (宗家) lines of the Ryōi Shintō-ryū are now believed to be lost, with only the Ise Jitoku Tenshin-ryū (為勢自得天眞流) branch of the Ryōi Shintō Kasahara-ryū (良移心當 笠原流) remaining under the leadership of 16th generation Sōke (宗家) Mifune Toichiro (三舟統一郎).
Related schools (or Ryūha 流派)
The following Ryūha 流派 (or styles) developed from the Ryōi Shintō-ryū school:
- Kitō-ryū Jūjutsu (起倒流柔術) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wml1vC4fgIE
- Jikishin-ryū Yawara jo (直心流柔序) (Watatani & Yamada 1979, Mol (2001 )
- Muira-ryū Jūjutsu (三浦流柔術) (Watatani & Yamada 1979, Mol (2001 )
- Seigō ryū Yawara (制剛流和) (Watatani & Yamada 1979, Mol (2001 )
- Kanshin-ryū Jūjutsu (観心流柔術) (Mol, 2001 )
- Ise Jitoku Tenshin-ryū Jūjutsu (為勢自得天眞流柔術) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yA32io5HYi
- Sekiguchi-ryū (関口流) (Watatani & Yamada, 1979) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bmIXF4RPaM
- Through it’s Kitō-ryū roots, even Kōdōkan Jūdō (講道館 柔道) can be seen as being partially descended from Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu http://kodokanjudoinstitute.org/en/doctrine/history/
- Kukishin-ryū (九鬼神流) from the Kuki-ha Kitō-ryū (九鬼派 起倒流), a branch of the Kitō-ryū (起倒流), which was derived from the Ryōi Shintō-ryū (良移心当流) (Takamatsu, 1955).
For training and seminars, please contact us by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Jūjutsu links:
Ryōi Shintō-ryū Japanese Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ryoi-shito-ry%C5%AB&action=edit
Ise Jitoku Tenshin-ryū Jūjutsu demonstration, entitled ‘Intangible cultural heritage of Fukuoka city Ise Jitoku Tenshin-ryū Jūjutsu’: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=120&v=OvAenDOL9Wc
All Japan Martial Arts Federation UK – is the U.K. branch of the ‘Zen Nihon Sōgō Budō Renmei’ (全日本総合武道 連盟): https://sites.google.com/view/alljapanmartialartsfederation/home
TheTraditional Jujutsu Committee of the United States Jujitsu Federation.: https://www.usjjf.org/usjjf-traditional-jujutsu.html
References relating to the content of this website can be found on the ‘Ryoi-shito-ryū’ Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryoi-shito-ry%C5%AB